Construction 4.0: New Construction Technologies
The evolution of technologies has affected all sectors more or less directly, and the construction sector has been one of the most affected by the changes taking place in recent decades.
Does the fourth industrial revolution ring a bell? It's a relatively new concept that refers to the technological progress that the sector has experienced in recent years. This concept has had a direct impact on construction, giving rise to another new term: Construction 4.0.
All these changes have been driven by the need to promote process efficiency, effectiveness and optimization, as well as resources for carrying out more sustainable projects. We've just discovered a new concept, Construction 4.0, but what exactly does it mean? We'll explain everything here.
What is Construction 4.0?
This new concept includes construction processes that have been digitized by implementing new methodologies and technologies.
The construction sector has been forced to update itself to avoid decline and as a consequence, its entire environment. For example, architects have begun to implement new forms of design development, adding new systems and completely different ways of executing projects than what they were used to previously.
What are the intended purposes of implementing new Construction 4.0 technologies?
All these changes are not occurring for no reason. As we mentioned previously, society continues to move forward and demands changes in the surrounding environment, and those in the construction sector are no less important.
Digitalization of the entire construction process and implementation of new technologies have a number of objectives:
- optimise processes,
- standardise processes,
- normalise processes,
- improve project management,
- improve project execution,
- automate repetitive projects,
- improve built facilities,
- achieve sustainable projects and contribute to the environment.
What are the new Construction 4.0 technologies?
These advances are based on 5 technological elements:
This concept is better known today, and refers to a tool that permits management of dizzying amounts of data that may not be handled traditionally.
An endless amount of data must be handled in the construction sector, whether measurements or data from the work itself, making this tool very useful and necessary for streamlining processes.
In this sector, condensing huge amounts of valuable data in databases saves time and improves information management.
Artificial Intelligence (AI)
This new technology, also known as Machine Learning, is one of the most well-known and oft-mentioned disciplines today. It is based on programming algorithms which the computer learns with as it recognizes complex patterns and in turn manages for future use.
This is a gigantic advance when it comes to automating repetitive and easy-to-perform processes, as well as other more complex applications that are currently being developed, combining AI with home automation to create robots that take of tasks that would involve a great deal of effort for human beings.
Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things makes it possible for these objects to connect to the internet, to other people and with each other.
In Construction 4.0, using these connected devices lets us obtain updated information in real time regarding construction progress. Installing these intelligent devices within the construction elements themselves makes it possible to identify defective parts and avoid future problems.
BIM Methodology (Building information Modeling)
The main objective of this innovative methodology is to centralize all project information digitally so that all professionals carrying out construction work have access to all information at all times.
The idea is to standardize and optimize construction work, making the process more efficient by allowing for continuous access to information, as well as any updates that are integrated into the project.
Biometrics is one of the most cutting-edge technologies today. It refers to the use of biological measurements or physical characteristics of people for identification through a fingerprint recognition device.
The most cutting-edge biometric systems are already being built into the most innovative architecture projects, since they clearly represent an advance in facilities where they are used. The main application of this new technology is biometric building access control systems.
The main objective of this technology is to guarantee individual safety, as well as optimize control and comprehensive building access management.
Now you know about the technologies that will determine the future for Construction 4.0. We're sure they'll play an important role in the buildings of tomorrow.
We hope that you have found this article useful, you can find more interesting content in our blog.